Coir is a by-product of the coconut industry. It is derived from the mesocarp (husk) of the coconut. These fibres can be processed in to many products such as long fibres, coir pith, coir chips by various processes. Coir is seen as an ideal and sustainable substitute to peat, whose extraction has been blamed for increased carbon emission and loss of bio-diversity in the surrounding areas. Peat bogs take at least 25 years to renew. Coir, on the other hand, is a waste product of the coconut harvest and is always available.
Apart from sustainability, structure of coir is ideally suited for growing and can last longer than peat or any other types of growing medium. So, this longevity makes it more value for money. On the chemical parameters, coconut fibre, has a pH range of 5.2 to 6.8, which is more acceptable to a wider range of plants. A well washed batch, will lower the Ec (<0.5) which makes it a perfect companion for all plant types. Coco coir also drains better and keeps the roots oxygenated more than standard peat-based mediums.