Coir is a by-product of the coconut industry. It is derived from the mesocarp (husk) of the coconut. These fibres can be processed into many products such as long fibres, coir pith, and coir chips by various processes. Coir is seen as an ideal and sustainable substitute to peat, whose extraction has been blamed for increased carbon emission and loss of bio-diversity in the surrounding areas. Peat bogs take at least 25 years to renew. Coir, on the other hand, is a waste product of the coconut harvest and is always available.

Apart from sustainability, the structure of coir is ideally suited for growing and can last longer than peat or any other type of growing medium. So, this longevity means it offers consumers better value for money.

On the chemical parameters, coconut fibre, has a pH range of 5.2 to 6.8, which is more acceptable and tolerated by a wider range of plants. A well-washed batch, will lower the Ec (<0.5) which makes it a perfect companion for all plant types. Coco coir also drains better and keeps the roots oxygenated more than standard peat-based mediums.